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City Facts


The oldest city in Finland, Turku developed around a trading port on the west bank of the Aurajoki River. Turku is first mentioned in historical documents in 1228. Today, Turku continues to be a major port city, as well as home high-tech companies and three universities. Turku is also known as a bilingual city; around 5 percent of the popula-tion is Swedish-speaking.

Turku is Finland's oldest town with a history that goes back to the 13th century. Turku is situated at the mouth of the River Aura, some 165 kilometres west of Helsinki.

The city is a fascinating combination of both old and new. Turku has everything for the modern urbanite, but also for tourists interested in the treasures of history. Turku offers skilled and educated workforce, modern municipal engineering, good international connections and flexible services for companies and businesses.

City life is focused around the river, on whose banks some of the most interesting sights, including the Turku Castle and Finland's national shrine, the Turku Cathedral, are situated. The Old Grand Market Square, the site of the declaration of Christmas Peace every year, is also located by river Aura.

Modern Turku and the lush countryside and fabulous archipelago surrounding it are sights to behold in terms of landscape. The archipelago spreading from Turku to Stockholm is an internationally unique environment. Over 20 000 islands, islets and out-croppings rise out of the sea.

In 2011, Turku will together with Tallinn, Estonia, be European Capital of Culture. Turku achieved the honour in a national competition between seven major cities of our country. Turku´s victory was due to its vibrant cultural life, its excellent services for visitors as well as for inhabitants, its high-level research and development , and its an-cient history.
In 2011, and during the running-up in 2009 and 2010, Turku will introduce unforgettable culture programme in every field of culture.

Facts and figures

Population 175, 000


Turku Airport is situated 10 kilometres, or a 15-minute drive from the city centre, offering direct flights to/from Copenhagen and Stockholm. Turku also offers ferry connections to/from Stockholm.

Flights are operated to Finland by about 30 international airlines from all parts of Europe and from many overseas destinations. Traffic to and from Turku is operated by Finnair, SAS/Blue1, Wizz Air and airBaltic. Turku Airport is located only eight kilometres from the centre of Turku.

SAS/Blue1 has three daily flights from Copenhagen and six from Stockholm to Turku. SAS together with the Star Alliance Network offers a possibility for an Official Airline Agreement.

The flight time to Turku is 1 hour 35 minutes from Copenhagen and 45 minutes from Stockholm.

Wizz Air flies three times a week from Turku to Gdansk, Poland. From Gdansk there are connections e.g. to Oslo and Hamburg. Flight time to Gdansk is 1 hour 15 minutes.

airBaltic has direct flights four times a week from Turku Airport to Riga, Latvia. From Riga there are excellent

Connections to major cities in Europe.
There are several daily flights and a frequent express shuttle bus connection from the Helsinki Vantaa Airport. There are also train departures from Helsinki to Turku every hour during the daytime. The trip takes less than two hours.

Distance from Helsinki:

30 min

2 hours

160 km, 1,5 hours


Meeting Faclilities

The largest meeting venue is the Turku Fair and Congress Center, which can accommodate 3,500 persons in one room.

See a detailed list of facilities offered by FCB members in Turku

For a complete list of facilities, please contact the Turku Convention Bureau.

Total Accommodation

19 hotels, 2 080 rooms, 3 879 beds.
A total of 3193 rooms in the Turku region.

Education & Research

Three universities: University of Turku, Åbo Akademi (Finland's only Swedish-language university) and Turku School of Economics and Business Administration

Research and education at the University of Turku focuses, for example, on mathematics and natural sciences, the humanities and education. Altogether the university has around 15,300 students

The university is also features ten special units, including the Jean Monnet Centre for European Studies, the Turku Centre for Biotechnology and the Centre for Maritime Studies


Turku is a city of three institutions of higher education and high technology. In addition to the University of Turku and the Turku School of Economics and Business, the city is the home of the country's only Swedish-speaking institute of higher education, Åbo Akademi. The schools and businesses work in close co-operation at the Turku Technology Centre, which units are BioCity, DataCity, ElectroCity, EuroCity and the Old Mill. The Turku Polytechnic's degree programmes in animation, advertising and circus studies are unique in Finland.


The universities interact with business at the Turku Science Park, which specialises in ICT. Around half of Finland's pharmaceuticals and diagnostics industry is also located in Turku.

Places of Interest

See tourist information

Your Contact in Turku
Turku Touring
– Southwest Finland Tourist and Convention Bureau

Aurakatu 4, 20100 Turku
Tel. +358 2 262 7607
Fax +358 2 262 7674




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